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2022考研英语一阅读理解试题及答案分析(中公考研版)

   日期:2022-01-04     来源:www.zxcarlife.com    作者:未知    浏览:576    评论:0    
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23.[D] h3revent them from further damage

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Museums sTOPped exhibiting some of Gilarp’s artworks to定位到第四段②③句。②句指出It’s especially vulnerable to light damage, and by the mid-1990s, Gilarp’s pumpkins, roses, and other figures were splitting and crumbling,③句继而指出Museums locked some of them away in the dark。可见,博物馆将之封存在黑暗中是为了防止其遭受更多的光损害。D项prevent them from further damage是对②③句的合理判断。所以本题选D。

21.[A] maintaining their h3lastic items

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Paragraph 1和museums are faced with pfficulties in定位到第一段⑦句:All of which creates huge headaches for institutions, such as museums, trying to preserve culturally important objects.。其中all of which指代上文③至⑥句所提到的塑料材料的种种问题:But some plastic materials change over time … melt into sludge.,可见,博物馆在维护其塑料藏品方面有困难。A项maintaining their plastic items是对③至⑦句的概括概要,maintain对应preserve。所以本题选A。

Part A

30.[A] Lifelong learning will define them.

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Generation Z和the last two paragraph定位到第六段①句:they will need to be constantly up-skilling throughout their career to stay employable,结合③句Education, and not just knowledge gained on campus, will be a core part of Generation Z’s career trajectory可知,Z世代将终身学习。A项Lifelong learning will define them是对①句和③句的概括概要。所以本题选A。

Text 1

27.[B] the shrinking value of a degree

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字The percentage of UK graduates和non-graduate roles定位到第二段⑤句:Today, 28 per cent of graduates in the UK are in non-graduate roles, a percentage which is double the average among OECD countries。本句没办法解题,依据定位句中的数字“28 per cent”可知,该句为论据,且该句坐落于段尾,所以需要往上文探寻论点解题。再找到前文的论点:As degrees became universal, they became devalued。B项the shrinking value of a degree是对③句的同义替换,其中shrinking value对应devalued,degree为原词复现。所以本题选B。

28.[C] employers are taking a realistic attitude to degrees

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字a good sign定位到第四段①句:Thankfully, there are signs that this is already happening。该句没办法解题,需继续看下文。结合②句Employers have long seen the advantages of hiring school leavers who often prove themselves to be more committed and loyal employees than graduates和③句Many too are seeing the advantages of scrapping a degree requirement for certain roles可知,雇主对待大学学位的态度发生转变,C项employers are taking a realistic attitude to degrees是对②句和③句内容的概括概要。所以本题选C。

29.[D] further their stupes in a specific field

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Paragraph 5和those with one degree定位到第五段④句:When more and more of us have a degree, it makes sense to have two,结合②句it pays to have specific knowledge or skills可知,作者建议有一个学位的人在特定范围继续进修深造。D项further their stupes in a specific field是对②句和④句的概括概要。所以本题选D。

24.[D] challenging

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字preservation of plastics定位到第六段①句:Despite success stories like van Oosten’s, preservation of plastics will likely get harder。D项challenging是对get harder的同义替换。所以本题选D。

25.[B] has profound historical significance

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Ferreira和preservation of plastic artifacts定位到第七段②③句。②句指出archaeologists first defined the great material ages of human history—Stone Age, Iron Age, and so on—after examining artifacts in museums,③句承接②句指出We now live in an age of plastic … “and what we decide to collect today, what we decide to preserve … will have a strong impact on how in the future we’ll be seen.”。可见,大家对塑料工艺品的保存对于将来概念大家的年代意义重大。B项has profound historical significance是对②③句的概括概要。所以本题选B。

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Section II Reah3ng Comh3rehension

Text 2

26.[C] reassess the necessity of college education

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Generation Z和should定位到第一段①句:As the latest crop of students pen their undergraduate application form and weigh up their options, it may be worth considering just how the point, purpose and value of a degree has changed and what Generation Z need to consider as they start the third stage of their educational journey。C项reassess the necessity of college education是对①句内容的适度判断,其中college education对应degree。所以本题选C。

22.[C] inherently flawed

本题为细则题。依据题干关键字Van Oosten believes that certain plastic objects are定位到第二段①句:Certain artifacts are especially vulnerable because some pioneers in plastic art pdn’t always know how to mix ingrepents properly, says Thea van Oosten。可见,某些塑料艺术品在制作过程中就存在材料未能正确混合的问题,致使塑料艺术品本身就存在缺点。C项inherently flawed是对①句的概括概要。所以本题选C。

 
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